There are a number of infectious diseases which can affect poultry, impacting their health and performance. These diseases include:
- Infectious Bursal Disease (IBD), (also known as Gumboro disease): This disease targets the birds' immune system leading to reduced response to vaccination against other pathogens and increased susceptibility to secondary infections. It is a major potential cause of economic loss to producers.
- Salmonellosis: This disease has important implications for human health. Eggs sold in the UK must be certified as being free from Salmonella, under the Lion Code of Practice.
- Chicken Anaemia Virus (CAV): This infection impairs poultry immune system functionality and red blood cell production. It can cause weakness and death, as well as being a significant source of economic loss to producers.
These diseases can be managed through the use of specific and targeted vaccination programs.