Enzootic Pneumonia icon

Enzootic Pneumonia (caused by Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae)

Ileitis icon

Ileitis

Parasites of pigs icon

Endoparasites of Pigs

Post Weaning Diarrhoea icon

Post Weaning Diarrhoea (PWD)

Ileitis

Ileitis is a major intestinal disease associated with fattening pigs, caused by the bacteria Lawsonia intracellularis1,2,3,4. Ileitis refers to the inflammation of the ileum, which is a part of the small intestine of the pig.

Prevention and control of Ileitis

High quality cleansing and disinfection protocols can reduce the prevalence of infection on farm. However, antibiotic treatment may be required in conjunction with this management approaches. Alternatively, vaccines can also be used to manage Lawsonia intracellularis.

Husbandry tips include5:

  • Avoid over stocking
  • Reduce environmental stress
  • Reduce the mixing of pigs
  • Develop all in, all out procedures
  • Keep pens as dry as possible

1 Hardge et al., 2006. Serological prevalence of Lawsonia intracellularis across European pig herds. Proceedings of the 19th International Pig Veterinary Society Congress, Copenhagen, Denmark, p 77.

2 Mortimer et al., 2000. Serological prevalence of Lawsonia intracellularis across UK and Irish pig herds. Proceedings of the 16th International Pig Veterinary Society Congress, Melbourne, Australia, p. 110.

3 Hands et al., 2010. Current infection patterns of porcine proliferative enteropathy in Great Britain and the Republic of Ireland. Veterinary Record 167, 343-344.

4 Bae JK, Wieland B, Sait M, et al Risk factors associated with Lawsonia intracellularis in English pig farms Veterinary Journal 2013; Epub: 1-5

5 McOrist et al., 2006. Proliferative Enterophaties. In: Diseases of Swine. Straw et al. Eds. Blackwell Publishing, Ames, Iowa.p. 110.